The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Carl Benedikt Frey

Personal website:
Email: carl_benedikt [dot] frey [at] ekh [dot] lu [dot] se

Visiting research fellow at Department of Economic History
Service point: HS10

Visiting research fellow at Growth, technological change, and inequality